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The oceans cover more than 70 percent of the earth. Only 2 to 3 percent of the global food production comes from the oceans. Still, the oceans are dramatically overfished. More than 100 million tons of fish are consumed worldwide – more than the fish population can produce. In order to produce sufficient animal protein from seafood in a sustainable way, aquaculture is becoming increasingly important. The following principles are followed for developing a sustainable model of aquaculture.

Principle of Health

Organic agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and indivisible. This principle points out that the health of individuals and communities cannot be separated from the health of ecosystems – healthy soils produce healthy crops that foster the health of animals and people. Also postharvest handling is especially critical for aquatic animal products to assure that spoilage is avoided and that the freshness and organoleptic qualities of these highly perishable products are maintained.        

Principle of Ecology

Organic agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them. This principle roots organic agriculture within living ecological systems. It states that production is to be based on ecological processes and recycling. Nourishment and wellbeing are achieved through the ecology of the specific production environment. For example, in the case of crops, this is the living soil; for animals it is the farm ecosystem; and for fish and marine organisms, it is the aquatic environment.

Principle of Fairness

Organic agriculture should build on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities. Fairness is characterized by equity, respect, justice and stewardship of the shared world, both among people and in their relations to other living beings. This principle emphasizes that those, involved in organic agriculture should conduct human relationships in a manner that ensures fairness at all levels and to all parties – farmers, workers, processors, distributors, traders and consumers. Organic agriculture should provide everyone involved with a good quality of life and contribute to food sovereignty and reduction of poverty. It aims to produce a sufficient supply of good-quality food and other products. This principle insists that animals should be provided with the conditions and opportunities of life that accord with their physiology, natural behaviour and well- being. Natural and environmental resources that are used for production and consumption should be managed in a way that is socially and ecologically just and should be held in trust for future generations.

Principle of Care

Organic agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment. Organic agriculture is a living and dynamic system that responds to internal and external demands and conditions. Practitioners of organic agriculture can enhance efficiency and increase productivity, but this should not be at the risk of jeopardizing health and well being. Consequently, new technologies need to be assessed and existing methods reviewed. The Elements of Organic Aquaculture Standards which are a good System Design and Location, good Sources of Stock, Breeds and Breeding, Algae and Microalgae Production, Production of Mollusks, Feeding and Nutrition of Aquaculture Animals are all taken care off by Bell Farms. The certification of the products shall be done after one year of successful aquaculture production.

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